Vol. 110 No. 1 (2016)
Research Papers

Farming transitions under socioeconomic and climatic constraints in the southern part of Sétif, Algeria

Amar Rouabhi
Sétif University
Bio
Abdelhamid Mekhlouf
Sétif University
Bio
Sihem Mokhneche
Sétif University
Bio
Nawel Elkolli
Sétif University
Bio
Published June 27, 2016
How to Cite
Rouabhi, A., Mekhlouf, A., Mokhneche, S., & Elkolli, N. (2016). Farming transitions under socioeconomic and climatic constraints in the southern part of Sétif, Algeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 110(1), 139-153. https://doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20161.429

Abstract

This study was carried out on a sample of 224 farms in the southern region of Sétif-Algeria, aimed to identify the different typologies and the agricultural changes caused by the climatic constrains experienced in recent decades. Indeed, the combined effect of climatic and anthropogenic factors on agricultural practices transitions is too tangled. A series of multivariate and classification statistical tests have been implemented to demonstrate the main trends and adaptation tactics of farmers in such conditions. The farming characterization analysis showed that the medium scale farming was more economically efficient than small and large scale farming. Moreover, the study showed the effect of climate change on some farming transitions, where farming practices transited to bovine and poultry farming as well as for market gardening cultivation. Indeed, these changes were occurred at the expense of rainfed agriculture (cereals) and ovine breeding. These transitions have impacted the economic performance of farms in some municipalities. However, greenhouse crops and tobacco cultivation were observed as being a Local Production Systems (LPS) that could be a good alternative to mitigate the natural and socioeconomic constraints. The emergence of Local Production Systems in agricultural system may facilitate farmer adaptation that will provide a tool for agricultural development policies, through financial and technical assistance. Key words: Climate change, Farming, Local Production Systems, Sétif