Vol. 117 No. 1 (2023)
Research Papers

Climate change vulnerability and poverty nexus: evidence from coastal communities in central Vietnam

Nguyen Quang Tan
Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University; International School, Hue University
Nguyen Cong Dinh
Faculty of Economics and Development Studies, University of Economics, Hue University
Nguyen Hoang Khanh Linh
International School, Hue University
Pham Xuan Hung
Faculty of Economics and Development Studies, University of Economics, Hue University, Vietnam
Nguyen Duc Kien
Faculty of Economics and Development Studies, University of Economics, Hue University, Vietnam
Tran Thi Phuong
Centre for Climate Change Study in Central Vietnam, University of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue University
Bui Duc Tinh
Faculty of Economics and Development Studies, University of Economics, Hue University, Vietnam

Published 2023-06-29


  • climate change,
  • coastal areas,
  • livelihood vulnerability,
  • poverty,
  • Vietnam

How to Cite

Tan, N. Q., Dinh, N. C., Linh, N. H. K., Hung, P. X., Kien, N. D., Phuong, T. T., & Tinh, B. D. (2023). Climate change vulnerability and poverty nexus: evidence from coastal communities in central Vietnam. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 117(1), 61–84. https://doi.org/10.36253/jaeid-13966

Funding data


The vulnerability assessment of small-scale households on the central coast of Vietnam has been inadequate despite the apparent impacts of climate change. This knowledge gap presents challenges for identifying at-risk individuals and communities and could impede effective public policy and resource allocation for adaptation efforts. To address this issue, this study employed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index referencing IPCC definitions (LVI-IPCC) framework to examine livelihood vulnerability and its determinants among 455 small-scale households in the coastal areas of Phu Vang district, Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. The LVI-IPCC calculation utilized a database of 11 major and 33 sub-indicators collected through a household survey conducted in 2021. The findings revealed that these households exhibit moderate vulnerability to natural disasters and climate shocks, as reflected by their high sensitivity index scores. Additionally, the study identified a persistent cycle of poverty and livelihood vulnerability among coastal communities, wherein poverty and reliance on nature-based income serve as the root cause of the exposure and a gateway to this loop. This study strongly advocates for a pro-poor approach that places poverty alleviation at the forefront of community development planning and climate change agendas. Under this approach, developing value chain models in agriculture and aquaculture and diversifying livelihoods through activities such as community-based tourism is highly recommended.


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