Vol. 110 No. 1 (2016)
Research Papers

Extent of land degradation and status of wastelands in Rajasthan (NW India) with a focus on the Bhilwara District

Ram Prasad Sharma
Scientist-Soil Science Division of Soil Resource Studies, ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Amrawati Road, NAGPUR-440033.
Bio
Ram Sakal Singh
ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Regional Centre, University Campus, Bohara Ganeshji Road, Udaipur - 313 001, India
Bio
Surenda Kumar Singh
ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Amrawati Road, Nagpur - 440033, India
Bio
Gangalakunta Pedda Obi Reddy
Division of Remote Sensing Application, ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Amrawati Road, NAGPUR-440033.
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Published June 27, 2016
How to Cite
Sharma, R. P., Singh, R. S., Singh, S. K., & Reddy, G. P. O. (2016). Extent of land degradation and status of wastelands in Rajasthan (NW India) with a focus on the Bhilwara District. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 110(1), 97-115. https://doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20161.413

Abstract

Geographically, the Rajasthan is the largest state of India. The mapping of degraded and wasteland, its distribution and district wise statistics is very important for land resource management. This paper deals of kind of soils and status of land degradation with management options. The study further illustrated with regional example of Bhilwara district. The pressure on land resources has increased manifold with the increasing human and animal population. Geologically the state can be broadly divided into three regions: Aeolian sands, Alluvium and Aravallis. The Aeolian deposits belong to Pleistocene and recent times. There is distinct temperature range with diurnal variations in state, revealing the most typical phenomenon of the warm-dry continental climate. Twelve districts of Rajasthan have already been decertified. Desertification ranks among the greatest environmental challenges of ecosystem in this region. Wind erosion is the major cause of soil degradation in western Rajasthan whereas water erosion in south and eastern Rajasthan.