Growth performance of crossbred kids (Boer x Indigenous Goat Breeds)
AbstractThe study was conducted to evaluate growth performance of crossbred (Boer x Hararaghe Highland and Boer x Short Eared Somali) kids at Haramaya University Goat Farm in Eastern Ethiopia. Breed (p<0.01), Birth type, sex (p<0.05) and year of birth (p<0.01) had effect on weight of crossbred kids. Accordingly, ½BR½SG kids had heaver birth, weaning and six months weights than ½BR½HH kids. Moreover, indicates single born kids were heavier on weight from birth to six month than twins’ birth. It also shows that male and single born kids had significantly better weight from birth to weaning than female and twin birth. Weight of crossbred kids had also increased from earlier to subsequent years of birth. Similar post weaning growth rate (P>0.05) was obtained between breeds but, ½BR½SG kids had faster growth before weaning as compared to ½BR½HH crossbred kids. The study suggested that crossing Boer with indigenous goats has been improved productivity of indigenous goat breeds in Ethiopia.
Awgichew K., Yacob Y. and Fletcher I., 1989. Productivity of Purebred Adal and Quarter Bred Saanen x Adal Goats in Ethiopia. In: African Small Ruminant Research and Development, Wilson, R.T. and A. Melaku (Eds.). International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp: 510-523.
Belay Deribe, Mokonen Tilahun, Mesfin Lakew, Nigus Belayneh, Asres Zegeye, Misganaw Walle, Desalegn Ayichew, Solomon Tiruneh Ali and Solomon Abriham, 2015. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences 6: 454-459
Deribe B. and Taye M., 2013a. Evaluation of growth performance of abergele goats under traditional management systems in sekota district, Ethiopia. Pakistan Journal Biological Science 16: 692-696.
Deribe B. and Taye M., 2013b. Growth performance and carcass characteristics of Central Highland goats in Sekota district, Ethiopia. Agric. Adv. 2: 250-258.
Lu C.D., 2001. Boer goat production: Progress and perspective. Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Boer Goats in China, Ocotber 21-24, 2001, Guizhou, China.
Mishira B., Hiluf G., Kibret M., Assen and Eshetu B., 2004. Soil and land resources inventory at Alemaya University Research farm with reference to land evaluation for sustainable agricultural management and production. Synthesis of working papers, soil sciences Bulletein Number 1, pp. 123. Alemaya University, Ethiopia
SAS, 2003. SAS (version 9, third ed.). SAS Inst. Inc. Cary, NC
Shumuye Belay, Gebreslassie Gebru, Guesh Godifey, Minister Brhane, Mulalem Zenebe, Hailay Hagos and Tsegay Teame (2014). Reproductive performance of Abergelle goats and growth rate of their crosses with Boer goats. Livestock Research for Rural Development 26 (1) 2014.
Tesfaye G., Sisay L., Dereje T., Abebe M. and Solomon G., 2006. Growth and reproductive performance of central highland goats in North Shoa and South Wollo. Proceeding of the 1st Annual Conference on Completed Livestock Research Activity, August 14-17, 2006, Amhara Region Agriculture Research Institute, Bhar Dar, Ethiopia.
Tsegay Teklebrhan, Mengistu Urge, Yhseph Mekasha and Merga Baissa, 2014. Pre-weaning growth performance of crossbred lambs (Dorper x indigenous sheep breeds) under semi-intensive management in eastern Ethiopia
Tsegay Teklebrhan, 2013. Consumer perceptions and preferences of meat types in Harar and Haramaya towns, Ethiopia Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology and Tsegay 2013: 2 (3) 959-969 Food Sciences.
Tucho T.A., Regassa A. and Fita L., 2000. Preliminary Production and Reproduction Performance Evaluation of Mid Rift Valley and Borana Somali Goats. In: The Opportunities and Challenges of Enhancing Goat Production in East Africa, Merkel, R.C., G. Abebe and A.L. Goetsch (Eds.). Debub University, Awassa, Ethiopia.
Zeleke Z.M., 2007. Environmental influences on pre-weaning growth performances and mortality rates of extensively managed Somali goats in Eastern Ethiopia. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 19.