Aerobic rice: crop performance and water use efficiency

  • Chiara Grassi Department of Agronomy and Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Florence, P.le delle Cascine 18, 50144 Florence
  • Bas Antonio Maria Bouman Crop, Soil and Water Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), 10th Floor Suite 1009, Security Bank Center 6776 Ayala Avenue Makati Metro Manila 1226
  • Ambrocio Rellegue Castañeda Crop, Soil and Water Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), 10th Floor Suite 1009, Security Bank Center 6776 Ayala Avenue Makati Metro Manila 1226
  • Marco Manzelli Department of Agronomy and Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Florence, P.le delle Cascine 18, 50144 Florence
  • Vincenzo Vecchio Department of Agronomy and Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Florence, P.le delle Cascine 18, 50144 Florence

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa) production largely depends on traditional flooded rice systems whose sustainability is threatened by a progressive decrease in water availability and a constant increase in rice demand due to strong demographic boom in world population. A newly developed water-saving rice system is aerobic rice in which rice grows in nonflooded and unsaturated soil. From 2001, at the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines, this system has been monitored to identify potentially promising varieties of rice able to grow as an irrigated upland crop and quantify yield potential and water use efficiency. This study reports on the results of cultivating the upland rice variety Apo under different water conditions in 2004-2005 at the IRRI farm in both the dry and wet seasons. The water treatments considered were: aerobic and flooded conditions, alternated flooded and aerobic conditions and aerobic after fallow. Yield and water productivity were compared between aerobic and flooded treatment in both seasons, with the objective of analysing the differences between water treatments. In the experiment the effect of different nitrogen (N) application is also considered. The results indicate that the aerobic rice yield was lower than rice production under flood treatment, confirming that observed over past years. Nevertheless, when the aerobic condition is alternated with the anaerobic condition, or a fallow period, the production under aerobic treatment provides good yields (respectively 4.2 and 4.4 ha-1). The fallow period was introduced to observe the response of rice grown under this management. Water productivity was higher in aerobic fields, especially after fallow (0.88 g kg-1). The nitrogen application induced an increase in yield and water productivity, partially compensating for the lack of water in aerobic fields.
How to Cite
Grassi, C., Bouman, B. A. M., Castañeda, A. R., Manzelli, M., & Vecchio, V. (1). Aerobic rice: crop performance and water use efficiency. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 103(4), 259-270. https://doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20094.35
Section
Research Papers