Variabilité morphologiques et conservation des morphotypes de <i>Jatropha curcas</i> Linn. (Euphoriaceae) au Benin.

  • Charlemagne Judes Gbemavo PhD in Agronomics sciences University of Abomey-Calavi
  • Kisito Gandji Master in Agronomics sciences University of Abomey-Calavi
  • Cesaire Paul Gnangle PhD in Agronomics sciences Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB)
  • Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo PhD in Applied biology University of Abomey-Calavi
  • Romain Lucas Glèlè Kakaï PhD in Biometry and forest modeling. University of Abomey-Calavi

Abstract

This study is a contribution to Jatropha curcas cultivation and seeks to analyze the morphological variability and identification of morphotypes of Jatropha curcas. The study was conducted in 44 communities equitably distributed among 22 towns (populations) and geographically widespread in the 10 phytodistricts of Benin. Per population, at least 30 individuals of the species spaced at least 20 meters apart were randomly selected for the collection of morphological data. In total, 840 individuals, 714 leaves, 2294 fruits and 3465 seeds of Jatropha curcas were measured in all the country. The part of the variability of Jatropha curcas morphological traits due to individual, populations, phytodistricts, climatic zones were determined using the variance component analysis. The stepwise discriminant analysis was performed on Jatropha curcas populations to identify the morphological traits which discriminate them and the numeric classification was realized to regroup Jatropha curcas populations. The results show that variability of Jatropha curcas morphological traits is generally larger at individual level or between individuals of the same population than between populations, phytodistricts and climatic zones except fruits and seeds weight whose variability is larger between populations. Ten of twenty-one morphological traits studied were identified as the most discriminant variables of Jatropha curcas. Four morphological groups of Jatropha curcas were distinguished in Benin considering 10 discriminant variables. Keywords: morphological traits, variability, Jatropha curcas, Benin.

Author Biographies

Charlemagne Judes Gbemavo, PhD in Agronomics sciences University of Abomey-Calavi
Laboratoire de Biomathématiques et d’Estimations Forestières, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 04 BP 1525, Cotonou, Benin.
Kisito Gandji, Master in Agronomics sciences University of Abomey-Calavi
Laboratoire de Biomathématiques et d’Estimations Forestières, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 04 BP 1525, Cotonou, Benin.
Cesaire Paul Gnangle, PhD in Agronomics sciences Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB)
Laboratory of soil sciences,water and environments. Senior researcher
Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo, PhD in Applied biology University of Abomey-Calavi
Laboratoire d'Ecologie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 05 BP 1752, Cotonou, Benin.
Romain Lucas Glèlè Kakaï, PhD in Biometry and forest modeling. University of Abomey-Calavi
Laboratoire de Biomathématiques et d’Estimations Forestières, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 04 BP 1525, Cotonou, Benin.
Published
26-06-2015
How to Cite
Gbemavo, C. J., Gandji, K., Gnangle, C. P., Assogbadjo, A. E., & Glèlè Kakaï, R. L. (2015). Variabilité morphologiques et conservation des morphotypes de <i>Jatropha curcas</i&gt; Linn. (Euphoriaceae) au Benin. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 109(1), 55-69. https://doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20151.234
Section
Research Papers