Agricultural vulnerability in Bangladesh to climate change induced sea level rise and options for adaptation: a study of a coastal Upazila

  • Md. Anowarul Islam Lecturer, Department of Geography and Environment, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.
  • Paul Kumar Shitangsu Dr Shitangsu Kumar Paul Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Zahidul Hassan Dr. Md. Zahidul Hassan Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Abstract

This paper examines the vulnerabilities of agriculture in coastal regions of Bangladesh to the different adverse effects of sea level rise induced hazards, and also identifies option for future agricultural adaptations. It reveals that due to sea level rise, agriculture of the study area has already experienced noticeable adverse impacts especially in terms of area of inundation, salinity intrusion and reduction in crop production. The study is conducted based on both primary and secondary data. A total 303 out of 1200 respondents from three coastal villages were randomly interviewed. Samples are drawn proportionately from three villages. Descriptive and inferential statistics and logistic regression have been done to analysis data. The study find that the agricultural land, production of crops, local crop varieties, income and employment facilities of the farmers is highly vulnerable to various SLR induced hazards. Selection of various adaptive options such as control of saline water intrusion into agricultural land, coastal afforestation, cultivation of saline tolerant crops, homestead and floating gardening, embankment cropping and increase of income through alternative livelihoods are emerging need for sustainable coastal agricultural development. Therefore, this paper argues that further development and implementation of such adaptive measures could help to minimize vulnerabilities of agriculture in the long run.

Author Biographies

Md. Anowarul Islam, Lecturer, Department of Geography and Environment, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh.
Department of Geography and Environment, Lecturer
Paul Kumar Shitangsu, Dr Shitangsu Kumar Paul Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Md. Zahidul Hassan, Dr. Md. Zahidul Hassan Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Published
26-06-2015
How to Cite
Islam, M. A., Shitangsu, P. K., & Hassan, M. Z. (2015). Agricultural vulnerability in Bangladesh to climate change induced sea level rise and options for adaptation: a study of a coastal Upazila. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID), 109(1), 19-39. https://doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20151.218
Section
Research Papers